Tag Archive | "Intellectual property rights"

Do Technology Transfer and IPR Spur Domestic Innovation? An International Panel Data Analysis

The study investigates whether raising technology transfer and strengthening the intellectual property rights (IPR) regime trigger domestic innovation by employing a panel data analysis for 58 developed and developing countries in the 1960-2010 period. Since theoretical and empirical literature has proved that innovation and technology were the prominent drivers of development process, analyzing the determinants of these factors have become crucial. Due to the globalization process, knowledge spreads faster than any other social and economic indicators; which makes the interactions between the types of knowledge more important. Thus, the study analyzes the impacts of foreign patents (as a proxy for technology transfer) and IPR on domestic innovation. According to the empirical analysis, it is found that technology transfer triggers domestic innovation both in developed and developing world. Contrary, it is also found that intellectual property protection is a detrimental factor for domestic innovation in mid income group while it bears fruit in high income group.

  Do Technology Transfer and IPR Spur Domestic Innovation? An International Panel Data Analysis (1.4 MiB, 745 hits)

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 6

World Trade Organization Regulation on Intellectual Property Rights of the “Bio-Technology”

After establishing a series of agreements regarding Uruguay Round in 1995 and with the starting of activities of the World Trade Organization (WTO) the agreement on the intellectual property rights (TRIPS) comes into force modifying most of the current regulation on the protection of innovations, particularly of medicines and biotechnologies. The promoters of these modifications were confident that, in this way, it would be possible to hasten the innovative process, guaranteeing a fair compensation for the new products. These changes can have important consequences in the future of the agricultural sector since probably a reduced number of companies will totally control the seeds of different sectors. Also, the appearance of new entities in certain areas can have negative effects on their biodiversity and on the endemic species. Basically, this paper consists of two parts: first, a historical and judicial revision of the protection of intellectual property rights and second, a special technical and political-economic emphasis on the protection of this type of rights in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

  World Trade Organization Regulation on Intellectual Property Rights of the “Bio-Technology” (670.1 KiB, 2,454 hits)

Posted in Economics, Issue no. 7