Tag Archive | "employment"

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Labor Market Consequences of Job Security and Labor Laws in the Era of Flexicurity: Implications for Turkey

Never was labour more central to the process of value-making. But never were the workers… more vulnerable to the organisation, since they had become lean individuals, farmed out in a flexible network whose whereabouts were unknown to the organisation itself. Manuel Castells (1996)

To balance flexibility and security, Denmark provides a very good combination in labor market by both high labor market activities and social protection which is called flexicurity. The major aim of the system is to protect employees and employers with strict job protection and employment insurance. Therefore, to reach the targets introduced to the market, EU countries aimed to decrease unemployment rates by creating more suitable jobs for people were handled with great attention. Of course, regulations on laws, active labor market policies and social security system. In this paper, it is tried to point out the characteristics of Danish flexicurity ad the model used to solve the unemployment problems that are followed by EU countries. But can Danish case of flexicurity be successful in Turkey? Which laws have changed and policies have been made up to now in order to restructure the labor market in Turkey? What kind of regulations were enforced by Act 4857 to reduce the unemployment and the new policies to be followed? All of those questions were examined to discover whether Danish flexicurity can be used in Turkey.

  Labor Market Consequences of Job Security and Labor Laws in the Era of Flexicurity: Implications for Turkey (650.4 KiB, 416 hits)

Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 1

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Impact of Active Labor Market Programs on Employment: Albania’s Case

High variation of unemployment level in Albania for more than a decade shows that unemployment still remains a problem to solve. Given the conditions, the focus of employment policies is on increasing employment opportunities, in order to make unemployed people active in the labor market. This is the reason of applying many employment programs and making expenses for their funding. Most evaluation studies of active labor market policies (ALMPs) focus on micro-econometric evaluation. Only a few studies of ALMPs focus on macro-econometric evaluation. Also, most of the facts of evaluation belong to developing countries. During the last years, data on the analysis of the progress of these policies in transitional countries, Albania included, are made available.

Our study focuses on the theoretical and empirical analysis of different types of active policies. Data used for the empirical analysis are those on employment policies in Albania during 1999 – 2010. Our study evaluates the impact of active labor-market programmers in Albania on the whole economy. The evaluation focuses on vocational training and on subsidized employment programmers in order to compare them. In analyzing the data, we drew the conclusion that a professional training program is a program with a positive impact on the level of employment (reducing unemployment), followed by a program of promoting employment through work education.

  Impact of Active Labor Market Programs on Employment: Albania’s Case (917.9 KiB, 872 hits)

Posted in Economics, Volume II, Issue no. 1

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The Impact Of The Industrial Sector On Romanian Employment

Through our study we aim to highlight the place and role of the Romanian industry in the national economy and its impact on employment in the last twenty years. Moreover, we intend to underline the regional gaps determined by the role and place of the industry at regional level. The results of our analysis carried out based on the statistical data between 1990 and 2009, show, on the one hand, the deindustrialization of the economy based on the reduction of the industry’s contribution to GDP as well as to civil employment, and on the other hand, the negative impact that the industry’s evolution had on employment. For the industry to generate new jobs and sustainable economic growth, we consider that it is necessary to turn our industry into a more efficient one and to increase its adaptability to the market’s demands.

The results of this paper consist of original heterodox methods presented, intuitive or developed that can be found conclusively within the key proposals for education and regulation.

  The Impact Of The Industrial Sector On Romanian Employment (972.2 KiB, 1,092 hits)

Posted in Economics, Issue no. 6

Problematic Controversies on the European Labor Market

When economic growth and consequently, social progress, is confronted with drastic changes a modification is needed. Mentality, vision or policy change? The principle of the four freedoms (goods, services, capital, labor force) is compulsory and forms a unit, however, the movement of labor constitutes a true “apple of discord” regarding the problem on democratic movements. The idea of equality of Opportunities for all European citizens, without discrimination, is a principle and rises to the level of fundamental European value. Equal opportunities for all represent a desideratum and one of the substance components of everywhere democracy, next to liberty and respect of the fundamental human rights. “The economic patriotism” is a formula designed to sensitize the European citizen, in order to block globalization, which penalizes both the market and the citizen itself.

  Problematic Controversies on the European Labor Market (877.4 KiB, 641 hits)

Posted in Economics, Issue no. 4