Posted on 15 February 2015.
Public funding of higher education is an important topic within European governmental agenda, especially in times of budgetary austerity. Thus, given the challenges higher education industry faced in the last decades, the present paper aims at identifying the strengths and weaknesses of a few national funding patterns of higher education institutions (HEIs) within the European Union. Using the method of content analysis, the study conducted in Finland, Greece and Romania also reveals the effects the national funding patterns might have on the competition and competitiveness of national HEIs in the European higher education market. The issue of performance funding of HEIs is also addressed. Moreover, the authors argue for the necessity of integrating institutional performance indicators as an important criterion for allocating public resource to HEIs, in order to raise quality, competition and competitiveness of national HEIs on the European market of higher education.
Funding Higher Education in a few EU Countries: Implications for Competition and Competitiveness in Higher Education (703.1 KiB, 742 hits)
Posted in Economics, Volume V, Issue no. 1
Posted on 15 June 2014.
Organizations worldwide are showing increasing interest in knowledge management practices to address the contemporary challenges of today’s digital age. Knowledge is becoming a critical core asset to sustain competitive advantage and as a vehicle for continuous improvement and innovation. However, most of the developments in the knowledge management field are driven by international organizations or private commercial companies. Considering the impact of knowledge management practices, government organizations have the potential for significant improvements in performance, transformation, and the development of a more responsive citizen-centric government.
This article has two objectives: The first is to provide an overview of knowledge management and highlight the importance of this field of practice, and the second is to provide a case study of the successful implementation of knowledge management in a federal government organization in the United Arab Emirates. This article outlines the adopted approach and framework and elaborates on each of the implemented components. The presented case study and lessons learned are benchmarks for best practices and contribute to the existing experimental cases. This, in turn, should help organizations and researchers to better understand how public sector government organizations perceive and practicing knowledge management, which should enable them to reflect and propose improvements.
Fusing Knowledge Management into the Public Sector: A Review of the Field and the Case of the Emirates Identity Authority (3.8 MiB, 932 hits)
Posted in Knowledge Management, Volume IV, Issue no. 3
Posted on 15 June 2013.
In today’s context, marked by globalization and increasingly wide recognition of interdependencies, competitiveness has become an essential condition for market success. Starting from these considerations, the authors of the present paper intend to forward a research survey related to the impact of the influential factors of economic competitiveness on the firms operating in Romania’s West Region, research using a direct study method to grasp the firm managers’ perceptions regarding competitiveness factors of influence. The paper ends by presenting several proposals regarding the identification of measures for the economic competitiveness growth, both micro- and macro- economic. Consequently the paper approaches a subject of current interest, which stirs the preoccupation of specialists, governments, mass media and, last but not least, the interest of entrepreneurs, irrespective of their domain of activity.
Impact of the Influential Factors of Economic Competitiveness upon Romania’s West Region Firms (705.5 KiB, 824 hits)
Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 3
Posted on 15 April 2013.
To study the competitiveness of a company we use several indicators I1 , I2 ,…, In that can be expressed numerically. We note E1 the company whose competitiveness we want to evaluate. It can action several markets, but we will focus on one of them, where it competes with the companies E2 , E3 ,…, Em. Firstly, we aim to achieve the firms’ hierarchy operating on that market with ELECTRE method. Then we will see how to obtain the classification of these companies based on competitiveness’ index method.
Study of Competitiveness for the Representative Companies in the National Domestic Dairy (580.2 KiB, 918 hits)
Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 2
Posted on 15 April 2012.
It becomes a common place to speak of SMEs as an engine of economic growth for any European Union country. The SMEs accounted the higher turnover and provides jobs for most of employed population. Romania is no exception, in 2009, the turnover of SMEs represents over 60 % (but for hotels and restaurants SMEs turnover was around 85 %). The article analyses the vulnerabilities of the sector, the main possibilities for financing, as well the framework created in Romania to stimulate business by development of SME’s.
Competitiveness of Romanian Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in European Union (723.7 KiB, 1,726 hits)
Posted in Economics, Volume II, Issue no. 2