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International Legal and Ethical Challenges Related to the Use and Development of 3D Technology in the U.S. and China

Ethical and legal uses of technology should be addressed when a new technology gains popularity. The main focus of this research is to provide a detailed discussion of the legal and ethical issues pertaining to the use of 3D technology. Recent court cases provide examples of current and potential concerns associated with this technology from […]

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Improving The Management Of Romanian Smes Through The Use Of Informatic Systems

This paper tries to analyze the ways of perfecting management at SMEs level by an intensive use of informatics technologies, in the context of implementing the information society and the 2020 digital agenda. Large volumes of data, the complexity of its administration and processing procedures, the high demands related to the computer system providing in […]

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A Practical Review of Mechanism Design: How Implementable Is It Within The Nigerian Context? Investigating the Role of PPP on Social Outcomes in Nigeria

According to statistics of the Federal Ministry of Works Nigeria (2012), total road network in Nigeria currently stands at approximately 195,000 Kilometers, with the Federal, State and Local Governments responsible for 22, 21 and 51 percent of this network respectively. In another report, The Central Bank of Nigeria (2011) also states that Nigeria needs to […]

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Cloud Computing – Compliance with Regulatory Prescribed Data Protection Measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The rapid emergence of cloud computing has raised concerns about its legal and regulatory implications. Issues of data protection and security are among the concerns most frequently mentioned by potential cloud customers. If sensitive company data are stored, processed or transmitted in a cloud environment, data protection and other laws will apply to that environment […]

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The Alternative Investment Market And The Financing Of Technological Innovation

The Alternative Investment Market (AIM) is characterized by the presence of numerous firms operating in sectors with a high rate of technological innovation. In this research we will deal with IPOs about companies active in the sector of Information Technology and Software & Computer Services. The purpose of the research is testing the market’s ability […]

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Fusing Knowledge Management into the Public Sector: a Review of the Field and the Case of the Emirates Identity Authority

Organizations worldwide are showing increasing interest in knowledge management practices to address the contemporary challenges of today’s digital age. Knowledge is becoming a critical core asset to sustain competitive advantage and as a vehicle for continuous improvement and innovation. However, most of the developments in the knowledge management field are driven by international organizations or […]

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Accounting – a Pivot of the Business Performance?

15 December 2013

We decided to approach this topic, because we consider it as highly topical in the context in which the general business environment suffers notable changes due to new trends in the economic, social and political trends worldwide. In formulating the answer to the question that is actually the title of this paper, we start from […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Perceived Usefulness and Use of Information Technology: the Moderating Influences of the Dependence of a Subcontractor towards His Contractor

15 December 2013

The perceived usefulness is a concept that has been used by several authors in different fields of study. The analysis of these studies shows, as suggested by Davis (1989), that when the individual perceives the information and communication technologies (ICT) to improve his performances, he uses them more frequently in his daily activities at work. […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Comparative Analysis of Energy Sectors in Some Countries of Eastern Europe

15 December 2013

The analysis of energy sectors of countries all over the world is vital in a context of globalization and economic, social and environmental crises, because represents a way of identifying the problems and finding solutions that were implemented and worked in other countries. Our paper aims to compare the energetic sector of 6 Eastern European […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Stock Market Reaction to Patent Value in Japan: an Event Study Analysis

15 December 2013

The patent is regarded as an indicator of a firm’s innovativeness and many studies have tried to use it as a proxy for the same. However, little research focuses on the impact of the substantial value of patents on stock prices. This study employs event study analysis to explore the stock market reaction to the […]

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Posted in Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Understanding Industrial Innovation and Upgrade from Modularization’s Perspective

15 December 2013

In the era of globalization and information technology, modularization is an approach to solve economic system complexity and the essence of new industrial structure. The source of industrial innovation comes from technology and organization modularization and system integration. Industrial upgrade takes effect through interaction of the following factors: competition of modular firms, knowledge creation, knowledge […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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An Assessment of Demand for Imports through the VECM Model

15 December 2013

This chapter analyses the factors that affect the demand for imports in Albania during the period 1999-2011. This paper use an error correction model to measure the elasticity of import flows of goods in Albania, related to real demand, developments in trade liberalization, and transfers from abroad and fluctuations in the value of currency; as […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Uml Language Use in Identifying Tangible and Intangible Assets in a Cluster

15 December 2013

Clusters contain a group of related industries and other entities important in terms of competition and are geographic concentrations of interconnected companies and institutions belonging to a particular area. These include suppliers of specialized inputs such as components, machinery and services, and providers of specialized infrastructure. Clusters often extend downstream towards various distribution channels and […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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An Empirical Research Regarding Information Technology in Hospitality Industry: A Case Study from Mures County

15 December 2013

Tourism has a basic role within economy but also within a country and within the human social assembly. In the course of time, tourism services have become the key component of tourism activity, therefore a detailed attention has been provided to the units supplying tourism services, but especially to hotels and factors that can influence […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Legal Regime of Shale Gas Extraction

15 December 2013

Some countries with large reserves intend to promote shale gas production, in order to reduce their dependency on imported gas. Shale gas will be an important new aspect in the world energy scene, with many effects. European Union wants secure and affordable sources of energy. Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel and a vital […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Growth and the Enlargement of a Common Market

15 December 2013

This paper explores the growth effects of the enlargement of a common market from two to three countries by making use of a three-country equilibrium growth model with heterogeneous labour. We prove that the enlargement will stimulate the backward countries’ economic growth. In addition, we also demonstrate that the higher the new member country’s average […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Case Study on Analysis of Financial Statements at a Furniture Manufacturer

15 October 2013

Analysis of the financial statements of a company is an important means to obtain information about how the company operated in the previous period. Interpretation of the evolution of financial indicators does not always prove to be easy, requiring multiple calculations and combined approaches, while the knowledge and understanding of type of business reviewed are […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 5

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Brand Alliance, a Strategy to Enter New Markets and a Tool for Positioning

15 October 2013

Brand alliance has emerged in the last two decades as a form of cooperation between two or more established brand names and has expanded as a business strategy to include both the production/ service sectors. This strategy is taking different forms; the most common one is co-branding which involves associating a single product with more […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 5

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Direct Problems and Inverse Problems in Biometric Systems

15 October 2013

The article purpose is to describe the two sides of biometrics technologies, direct problems and inverse problems. The advance that we face today in field of Information Technology makes Information Security an inseparable part. The authentication has a huge role when we deal about security. The problems that can appear in implementing and developing biometrics […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Volume III, Issue no. 5

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Tourism Planning in Urban Areas – Trends, Best Practices and Priorities in Bucharest

15 October 2013

Urban tourism is an old concept having its origin in antiquity, especially when existing ports were frequented at the time. Even though we cannot say that at that time tourism was a concept clearly defined, it is common practice for a few millennium particularly in the Mediterranean area (Greece, the Roman Empire, and Egypt) and […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 5

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Complicated Relationships among Audit Committee Independence, Nonfinancial and Financial Performance

15 October 2013

The relationships among the audit committee independence, nonfinancial performance and financial performance are quite complicated. They are not simply bivariate correlations. Rather, there may be mediating effects or moderating influences on these casual associations. Nonetheless, previous research has not investigated these complicated relationships. This paper seeks to examine the mediating impact of nonfinancial performance on […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 5

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Knowledge Management Issues in Malaysian Organizations: the Perceptions of Leaders

15 October 2013

Knowledge management is a relatively young topic to other older strategic tools, and it has been attracting the attention of researchers and academics over the past decade or so. In this regard globalization is already in many countries including Malaysia like many other developing countries, Malaysia is also striving to fulfil its vision of becoming […]

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Posted in Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 5

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Strategic Planning in Universities from Pará, Brazil. Contributions to the Achievement of Institutional Objectives

15 August 2013

This article aims to show to what extent strategic planning performed by Brazilian universities from the State of Pará has contributed, whether positively or negatively, to achieve institutional objectives. The research can be classified as explanatory with features of a qualitative multi-case study because it seeks to explain casual relationship between strategic planning and institutional […]

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Posted in Economics, Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 4

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Relative Value and Principles of Servicity

15 August 2013

Paper aims at defining the value, taking conceptual ideas from the service economy, and at designing main conceptual criteria for correcting of routine approach in economics. It is built as a theoretical questioning and debate, starting with reminding certain issues from the Mercantilist and Physiocrat economic thought. The servicity view is thus reasoned, i.e. the […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 4

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Impact of Placement Choices and Governance Issues on Credit Risk in Banking: Nonparametric Evidence from an Emerging Market

15 August 2013

This paper is intended to develop some conditional credit risk models through a cursory approach in which any quality deteriorations in banks’ cash credit portfolios, measured as unfavourable changes in the ratio of delinquent credits to total credits, are considered to be a signal for an increase in overall credit risk and the weights of […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 4

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Territorial Systems with Rural Vocation, Innovation and Climate Change: from the Web an Opportunity for the Sustainability of Well-Being

15 August 2013

Well-being of the territorial systems with rural vocation can be compromised by climate change, but they also can influence, both positively than negatively, the factors that determine climate change. Starting from this dichotomous vision of the relationship between climate change and rural development, this study focuses on the role that Internet and the web mar-kiting […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 4

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Developments and Thoroughgoing Studies on Taxation of Royalties Obtained by French Non-Residents in Romania

15 August 2013

Romanian tax legislation continues to contain contradictory provisions that give it a strong ambiguity and which often generates controversy in interpretation and application. The authors of the research show the situations of tax income from royalties obtained by a French non-resident from a Romanian beneficiary. Thus, are addresses the taxation from the perspective of (i) […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 4

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Effects of the Economic Crisis on the Romanian Consume

15 August 2013

My purpose for this study is to analyse the Romanian consumer’s behaviour in the context of the economic crisis that our country as well as other countries have gone through after 2008. The post-crisis Romanian consumer’s behaviour is also going to be approached in comparison to that in the period preceding the economic crisis (2005-2008). […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 4

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A Polynomial Distribution Applied to Income and Wealth Distribution

15 August 2013

Income and wealth distribution affect stability of a society to a large extent and high inequality affects it negatively. Moreover, in the case of developed countries, recently has been proven that inequality is closely related to all negative phenomena affecting society. So far, Econophysics papers tried to analyse income and wealth distribution by employing distributions […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 4

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Seasonality in Equity Rising on Stock Markets. Windows of Opportunity? Empirical Evidence from China, India, Brazil and South Africa

15 August 2013

Empirical research has underlined high variability cases of equity-raising through the placing of shares in the primary market in the course of time, considering both new enterprises’ quotations, and increases for the already- quoted ones in regulated markets. Different periods and markets at different development stages have been taken in exam, resulting in the discovery […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 4

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Organizational Knowledge Management Movement Strategies

15 June 2013

Organizational behaviour is often dependent on the strategic movement of internal knowledge for success. Organizational knowledge management methodologies require the involvement of stakeholders. In large organizations, involved stakeholders shall be selected by the entire membership. Key involvement roles and considerations should be offered to/involve the ‘least likely to participate’. Suck stakeholders often possess the most […]

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Posted in Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Relative Efficiency of Education Expenditures in Eastern Europe: A Non-parametric Approach

15 June 2013

The article attempts to measure relative efficiency in utilizing public education expenditures in the new EU member states in comparison to the selected EU (plus Croatia) and OECD countries. As resources allocated to education are significantly limited, a special emphasis should be given to their efficient use regarding the institutional and legal constraints. By applying […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Enhancing Knowledge Sharing Among Higher Education Students through Digital Game

15 June 2013

Knowledge is valuable assets of organizations. One of the effective ways of creating new knowledge is highlighting knowledge sharing process among people. In this study the researcher tries to investigate the solutions for knowledge sharing problem in the classroom context. We have two objectives. One is to examine whether participants’ decision-making process in knowledge sharing […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Enhancing Learning within the 3-D Virtual Learning Environment

15 June 2013

Today’s using of virtual learning environments becomes more remarkable in education. The potential of virtual learning environments has frequently been related to the expansion of sense of social presence which is obtained from students and educators. This study investigated the effectiveness of social presence within virtual learning environments and analysed the impact of social presence […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Analysis of Internet Usage Intensity in Iraq: An Ordered Logit Model

15 June 2013

Intensity of Internet use is significantly influenced by government policies, people’s levels of income, education, employment and general development and economic conditions. Iraq has very low Internet usage levels compared to the region and the world. This study uses an ordered logit model to analyse the intensity of Internet use in Iraq. The results showed […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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How to Respond to Information Needs of University Stakeholders: Proposal of Indicators for Reporting on Intellectual Capital

15 June 2013

The purpose of this paper is to know the opinion of the university stakeholders regarding the importance they give to completing the information from university financial statements with information relating to these institutions’ intellectual capital. To this end, a questionnaire was designed and sent to every member of the Social Councils of Spanish public universities. […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Impact of the Influential Factors of Economic Competitiveness upon Romania’s West Region Firms

15 June 2013

In today’s context, marked by globalization and increasingly wide recognition of interdependencies, competitiveness has become an essential condition for market success. Starting from these considerations, the authors of the present paper intend to forward a research survey related to the impact of the influential factors of economic competitiveness on the firms operating in Romania’s West […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Comparative Analysis of the Value Added Tax Evolution

15 June 2013

The impact of indirect taxes is analyzed in the study of evolution, especially the VAT for the economic activity of the company studied. During the reporting period, namely January 2009 – December 2011 the supporting documents were checked which records on VAT deductible and collected were based on, in compliance with legal norms and principles […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Improving the Numbers of Financial Statements

15 June 2013

Improving the numbers of financial statements can be achieved by several metods such as: recording the revenue too soon, recording bogus revenue, shifting the current expense to a futer or a earlier period, failing to record liabilities or shifting the cureent revenue to a later periods. As beeing science, technology or language of communication the […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Impact of Development and Efficiency of Financial Sector on Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Developing Countries

15 June 2013

This paper analyses the impact of development and efficiency of financial sector on economic growth of a group of selected developing countries using a cross-country data averaged over the period 2005-2009. The results show that the impact of financial sector efficiency on economic growth is significantly positive for developing countries. For a sample of 50 […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 3

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Mediating Role of Knowledge Management in Effect of Management Accounting Practices on Firm Performance

15 June 2013

While adopting knowledge management can improve firm performance, it is determined by implementing level of management accounting practices. Furthermore, it plays mediating role in the relationship between implementing management accounting practices and firm performance. This paper employs path analysis to investigate causal relationships among the variables. Then it uses procedures suggested by Sobel (1982) to […]

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Posted in Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 3