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Funding Higher Education in a few EU Countries: Implications for Competition and Competitiveness in Higher Education

Public funding of higher education is an important topic within European governmental agenda, especially in times of budgetary austerity. Thus, given the challenges higher education industry faced in the last decades, the present paper aims at identifying the strengths and weaknesses of a few national funding patterns of higher education institutions (HEIs) within the European […]

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Effects of Capacity Knowledge Management and Entrepreneurial Orientation on Organizational Effectiveness in the Best Tunisian Companies: Moderating Role of Social Capital

This research addresses the question of explaining the organizational effectiveness of the company through the knowledge management capacity, entrepreneurial orientation, social capital and innovation. Researchers still do not adequately understand the relationship between these phenomena and the nature of their effects on organizational effectiveness. This research uses data obtained from a sample of 150 Tunisian […]

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The Determinants of Tobacco Consumption: Evidence from Spain

The aim of this paper is to study the determinants of tobacco consumption in Spain. First, the relationship between tobacco consumption and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Spain is analyzed. The non-stationary and cointegration properties of these variables are studied. The findings suggest that tobacco mortality is not cointegrated with GDP. Afterwards, we model the […]

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The Impact of Informal Economy in the Pension System, Empirical Analysis. The Albanian Case

By using a simple model, it will be analyzed the impact that informality has in the amount of consumption of the workers during their life cycle. This paper deals with the interconnections of underreported earnings, savings and old-age pension. The workers sampled for this analysis have been divided into three groups: 1. Low income employees, […]

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Promotion Banking Services and Products – Factors Influencing Bank Offer Promotion among Consumers

In a still uncertain economic environment, due to the influences of the financial crisis, the most promising channel to interact with current and prospective customers is the online environment – social networking platforms. Gaining consumer trust online and complete understanding of the behavior of competition continues to serve the needs clarification banking financial companies, the […]

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Financial Crisis Effect on Public Debt in Western Balkans Countries

The end of the first decade of the twenty-first century will be remembered by appearance of one of the greatest economic crisis. This time, it had a global character. The crisis has been appeared, almost unexpectedly, in the middle of 2007 in the US, but very soon it was transferred to other countries in the […]

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Deployment of Social Media in the Recruitment Process

The social media experience has opened up new trails of commitment and revolutionized the exchange of information. With more people employing with social media, it is worth scrutinizing its application to the recruitment process. The purpose of this paper is to assess how employers can construct best use of social media as part of the […]

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Cointegration and Causality between Economic Growth and Social Development in Saudi Arabia

15 April 2014

This paper presents an attempt to examine the causal relationships between economic growth and social development in Saudi Arabia between 1980 and 2011. For that, statistical and econometric techniques, such as unit root test, cointegration and Granger Engels causality through Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) are applied. Based on the aggregation of several indicators to […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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Sustainable Urban Development

15 April 2014

The urban environment is becoming the host for most of people around the world. Therefore, the concern regarding the environmental challenges is increasing and the range of solutions is widening. Various combinations of these solutions are proposed as models of urban sustainability and some of them are supported by governmental policies. Integrated urban development and […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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Heterogeneity of Capital Stocks in Japan: Classification by Factor Analysis

15 April 2014

This paper examines the heterogeneity of capital stocks using financial statement data of publicly listed Japanese firms. We conduct factor analysis on investment rates among various capital goods and estimate factor loadings of each as its reactions to common factors like total factor productivity (TFP) shocks. Then we estimate the uniqueness for each investment rate, […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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Adaptive Management on Danube Delta’s Biodiversity

15 April 2014

Biodiversity is a heritage of life that could hold the information needed for the wellbeing of human kind. The challenge of biodiversity preservation was addressed by various management solutions, the newest being the adaptive management. The paper aims to give insights for the application of adaptive management and to reveal its potential for increasing the […]

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Posted in Economics, Knowledge Management, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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The Impact of Social Networks on Innovation: The Case of European Regions

15 April 2014

This research analyses the relationship between the use of social networks and the generation of innovations in European regions through a production function of innovations using human capital, technological capital and virtual relational capital with the new theoretical approach. For this, it is estimated an econometric model of panel data for the period 2007-2011 and […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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Designing and Implementation Iraqi E-Government Front Office Online System

15 April 2014

Electronic Government (e-Government) is a simple-identified phenomenon in globally. E-Government (front office) is the application of information technology through average person field companies to obtain to its people in the current and effective technique (Al-Taie, M. Z. and S. Kadry). In 2003, Iraq began the establishment of electronic government with the help of the Italian […]

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Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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The Influence of the Business Environment on Small and Medium Enterprises

15 April 2014

The Small and Medium Enterprise sector in Romania has been significantly affected by the global recession in the years 2008-2009; currently it is making efforts to revive it, thanks to important role it occupies in the economy of any country. SMEs raise wide debates, especially on fiscal measures. In Romania, SMEs represent 99.7% of all […]

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Posted in Economics, Knowledge Management, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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Impact Of Information Organization On Performance In Tourism

15 April 2014

The unprecedented development of communication, transportation media and infrastructure, as well as the increase of the number and diversity of offers, within the context of growth of incomes of certain social categories, have facilitated during the last few years a significant increase of demand in the touring industry which therefore occupies a more and more […]

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Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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Impact of Accounting-Tax Relationship on Managerial Decision

15 April 2014

Achieving the continuous business performance is also closely related to the quality and timeliness of business decisions made based on the information provided by accounting in close relation to tax. In this context, in Romania there is an increasing trend to generalize the professional management and, therefore, we think it is of great interest to […]

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Posted in Economics, Knowledge Management, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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Analysis of Financial Performance in the Banking System in Kosovo – the Period 2006-2012

15 April 2014

Through this paper we analyse the performance indicators of banks in Kosovo Banking System. According to the works of different authors worldwide, more accurate measurement of bank performance based on accounting data, in the application of coefficients leading financial banks are: Return on assets – ROA, return on equity – ROE and Cost Report to […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 2

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The Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuation on Trade Balance: Empirical Evidence from Saudi Arab Economy

15 February 2014

Fluctuation of the exchange rate has a different unwanted implication towards the economic growth. The right choice of exchange rate regime will bring an economy back to the equilibrium and many economists claim that it is one of the factors for the positive economic development. In contrast, a long term fluctuation of the real exchange […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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Mission of Women in The Scope of E-government in Iraq

15 February 2014

E-government is a positive situation prevalent in most developed and developing countries in order to provide the best possible service to citizens and keep time and effort and reduce the waste of public money (Al-Dabbagh, 2011). Based on view of literature in some countries, problems faced in the establishment of e-government are located within the […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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The Digital in Store and the Re-Enchantment of the Customer Experience: What Impact on the Immersion in the Experience of Consumption?

15 February 2014

Henceforth, the retailers estimate that the digital transformation of their enterprises manipulates two levers of performance notably: the customer’s relations and the turnover. They use some digital technologies to personalize the consumer’s experiences and to offer to the customers the possibility to make the self-service and to dive in an exceptional experience. The demonstration of […]

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Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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The Influence of Communism on Ethical Decision Making

15 February 2014

Previous studies have shown that communism follows different patterns in different countries around the world. China and Vietnam, where officials have jettisoned or abandoned many of the original basic tenets of communism, have been the world’s two fastest growing economies over the past two decades. This paper focuses on the Communist Vietnam where in comparison […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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Applying the Directed Acyclic Graph to Examine the Factors Related to the Adoption of E-Learning

15 February 2014

This research explores the causal relationships among the attitude toward using e-learning, the perception on the usefulness of e-learning and the adoption of e-learning as well as the mediating role of the attitude toward using e-learning and the moderating role of the perceived usefulness of e- learning. We use an advanced method known as the […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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Strategies Regarding the Sustainable Development of Agriculture in Romania in Terms of Climate Risk

15 February 2014

Climate change suppression in agriculture is a priority objective of EU Member States strategic development activities. The interdisciplinary nature of these activities involves a comprehensive approach by identifying and linking development activities and intra and inter-sectorial implementation measures with the response to the effects of climate change. The complex effects of climate change on agriculture […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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Governance and Investment in the Valuation of Natural Resources

15 February 2014

Natural resource management regarding the economic development while respecting the imperatives of compliance with environmental quality is not an easy task. In this paper the authors highlight the role of good governance and investment management in finding the optimal decision regarding the valuation strategy of limited natural resources. Criteria used type of information that is […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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Model for Estimating the Potential of Social Networking Sites Usage in Tourism Industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina

15 February 2014

Social networking has taken contemporary business experiences to a new level that cannot be compared with anything that happened so far. Tourism industry and travel booking activities have significantly benefited from such development. Potential travelers can communicate with tourist agencies and operators through social networking sites as well as with tourists who already have visited […]

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Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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Strategies of Drinking Beer from Traditional to Experiential Marketing – Bergenbier Case Study

15 February 2014

This paper aims to discuss interesting experiential strategies of a specific European beer brand (Bergenbier) that maintained the balance between traditional and experiential marketing. My hypothesis is that the relationship between both types of marketing should be analysed from two angles: either commercials no longer focus on product features, but rather on events; or the […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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Empirical Evidence of Fiscal Policy Impact on Endogenuos Models of Economic Growth – the Case of Albania

15 February 2014

According to Mankiw (2000), fiscal policy in major macroeconomic models adversely affects the behavior of private agents as consumers and firms and they affect economic growth through investment and savings decisions. Increasing government spending will increase the aggregate demand for goods and services and money demand in the money market leading to an increase of […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume IV, Issue no. 1

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Macroeconomic Variables and the Dynamic Effect of Public Expenditure: Long-term Trend Analysis in Nigeria

15 December 2013

The paper investigates the long-run relationship between government expenditures and a set of macroeconomic variables (GDP, consumer price index and unemployment) using annual data collected from CBN statistical bulletin for a period of 19891 to 2011. It particularly adopts Johansen multivariate co integration for its estimation procedure and discovers that there is long-run relationship between […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Using Social Network Analysis to Analyze Collaboration in Batik SMEs

15 December 2013

As a creative industry, batik industry should always create a breakthrough in the form of innovative batik motifs to attract buyers. Manufacturers of batik in Indonesia are batik SMEs with very simple organization and management. However, they are in a competitive business environment that threatens their survival. In order to continue to create innovative products, […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Trade Openness and Inequality

15 December 2013

This paper is intended to test the effect of trade openness on inequality of wage distribution in Tunisia. The study through econometric estimates showed that the impact of openness on inequality is remarkable in the period marked by an intensive integration into the global economy. However, investment in human capital can have a positive effect […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Detecting Creative Accounting Practices and Their Impact on The Quality of Information Presented in Financial Statements

15 December 2013

This paper aims at presenting some methods of motivating, identifying and decreasing manipulation mechanisms in financial accounting data. Based on a research undertaken with Romanian companies, there has been produced a range of defining elements concerning the approach on creativity in accounting. Initially, we focused on the way business individuals perceive manipulation in accounting, the […]

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Posted in Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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A New Heart Arrhythmia’s Detection Algorithm

15 December 2013

In this paper we presents the RRP algorithm with new adaptive method with new solution to resolve respective problem RR interval algorithm in heart signal processing. At first we focus on some previous research, to conclude tha, the important ECG processing algorithms discussed on deviation of ST section, width, height and duration of ORS complex […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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The Corporate Insolvency’s Evolution in the EU and India in the Period 2007-2012

15 December 2013

This article’s goal is to compare the impact of the global economic crisis on the corporate insolvency’s evolution in the EU and India in the period 2007- 2012. We want to highlight India’s position compared to the European Union in terms of time, cost of insolvency and recovery rate and to propose specific measures to […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Accounting – a Pivot of the Business Performance?

15 December 2013

We decided to approach this topic, because we consider it as highly topical in the context in which the general business environment suffers notable changes due to new trends in the economic, social and political trends worldwide. In formulating the answer to the question that is actually the title of this paper, we start from […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Perceived Usefulness and Use of Information Technology: the Moderating Influences of the Dependence of a Subcontractor towards His Contractor

15 December 2013

The perceived usefulness is a concept that has been used by several authors in different fields of study. The analysis of these studies shows, as suggested by Davis (1989), that when the individual perceives the information and communication technologies (ICT) to improve his performances, he uses them more frequently in his daily activities at work. […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Comparative Analysis of Energy Sectors in Some Countries of Eastern Europe

15 December 2013

The analysis of energy sectors of countries all over the world is vital in a context of globalization and economic, social and environmental crises, because represents a way of identifying the problems and finding solutions that were implemented and worked in other countries. Our paper aims to compare the energetic sector of 6 Eastern European […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Stock Market Reaction to Patent Value in Japan: an Event Study Analysis

15 December 2013

The patent is regarded as an indicator of a firm’s innovativeness and many studies have tried to use it as a proxy for the same. However, little research focuses on the impact of the substantial value of patents on stock prices. This study employs event study analysis to explore the stock market reaction to the […]

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Posted in Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Understanding Industrial Innovation and Upgrade from Modularization’s Perspective

15 December 2013

In the era of globalization and information technology, modularization is an approach to solve economic system complexity and the essence of new industrial structure. The source of industrial innovation comes from technology and organization modularization and system integration. Industrial upgrade takes effect through interaction of the following factors: competition of modular firms, knowledge creation, knowledge […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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An Assessment of Demand for Imports through the VECM Model

15 December 2013

This chapter analyses the factors that affect the demand for imports in Albania during the period 1999-2011. This paper use an error correction model to measure the elasticity of import flows of goods in Albania, related to real demand, developments in trade liberalization, and transfers from abroad and fluctuations in the value of currency; as […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Uml Language Use in Identifying Tangible and Intangible Assets in a Cluster

15 December 2013

Clusters contain a group of related industries and other entities important in terms of competition and are geographic concentrations of interconnected companies and institutions belonging to a particular area. These include suppliers of specialized inputs such as components, machinery and services, and providers of specialized infrastructure. Clusters often extend downstream towards various distribution channels and […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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An Empirical Research Regarding Information Technology in Hospitality Industry: A Case Study from Mures County

15 December 2013

Tourism has a basic role within economy but also within a country and within the human social assembly. In the course of time, tourism services have become the key component of tourism activity, therefore a detailed attention has been provided to the units supplying tourism services, but especially to hotels and factors that can influence […]

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Posted in Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume III, Issue no. 6

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Legal Regime of Shale Gas Extraction

15 December 2013

Some countries with large reserves intend to promote shale gas production, in order to reduce their dependency on imported gas. Shale gas will be an important new aspect in the world energy scene, with many effects. European Union wants secure and affordable sources of energy. Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel and a vital […]

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Posted in Economics, Volume III, Issue no. 6