Technological Innovation in Developing Countries: A Descriptive Analysis

Although most studies are interested with innovation in developed countries, we think that innovation is also vital for developing ones. The objective of this study is to describe it in developing countries. To quantify innovations, we use two types of indicators. The first type is associated with the inputs (R&D), the second is associated with outputs (patents and scientific publications). We find that developing countries have made progress in terms of innovation, but are still far from world leaders. We find also that the BRIC countries, especially India and China, are the most efficient in terms of scientific and technological power.

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