Archive | Information Technology

Information technology (IT) is the study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware

The Review of Individual Income Tax- Self-Undertaking in Farming, Fishing, Animal Husbandry, Forestry and Mining: A Perspective of Tax Equity

The principle of tax equity is the most important principle for taxation system design and revision. However, it has tax preference based on consideration of tax collection and social policy. According to Article 14, Category 6 of Individual Income Tax- Self-undertaking in Farming, Fishing, Animal Husbandry, Forestry and Mining, it regulates that the total income […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 4

The Importance of Investment in Human Capital: Becker, Schultz and Heckman

Numerous studies have emphasized on the importance of investment in human capital where the merit goes to the Nobel Laureates of economy like; Gary Becker, Theodore Schultz and James Heckman. The paper aims to present some of the results of studies of these Nobel Laureates, which focus on the necessity of investing in human capital […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 4

Preferences of Private Clients to the Banking Products – Case Study ProCredit Bank

The paper is aimed at researching customer preferences towards products and services, in particular researching preferences of private clients towards products and banking services. The research for preferences towards products and services is conducted based on data from the Central Bank reports on the banking sector, from ProCredit Bank reports that was taken as a […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 4

Financing Sources of Firms – A Special View of the Municipality of Peja

The paper focuses on possibilities of business in providing financing resources during their business cycle. Businesses face a number of difficulties in case of providing financing resources especially for external financing source. With the purpose of identifying these difficulties, a survey was realized with businesses in the Municipality of Peja, respectively with owners or their […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 4

Current Transfers as the Main Source for Covering Trade Deficit –The Case of Kosovo

The very high trade deficit is one of the main characteristics of the external sector of Kosovo’s economy, which is a similar characteristic that can be found in many developing countries and transition economies. This paper aims to examine the empirical data regarding the performance of the trade balance of the Republic of Kosovo for […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 4

The Role of Agriculture in Poverty Reduction – The Kosovo Case

“It is in the agricultural sector that the battle for long-term economic development will be won or lost” (Gunnar Myrdal, Nobel laureate in economics, cited by Todaro. M, Economic Development, fq. 418) Agriculture is a vital development tool for achieving the Millennium Development Goals that demands for halving the share of people suffering from extreme […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 4

The Contribution of Several Nobel Economic Laureates in the Development of Institutional Theory – Views, Assumptions and Estimates

The development of institutional theory has been contributed by several Nobel laureates with theories known as theory of agency, the theory of games, theory of transaction costs, public choice theory and other important theories. Among them these Nobel laureates who contributed to the development of institutional theory are Coase and North, Fogel, Myrdal, Hayek, Simon, […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 4

Stress Testing of Credit Risk: Case Based on Loan Portfolio, Capital Adequacy and Non-Performing Loans in Kosovo

Nowadays the financial stability of the banking sector is a very controversial topic especially the assessment of the right quantity of capital that banks must set aside to be protect against various types of risks with which has to do the banking sector, it presents a big challenge. One of techniques that help to bring […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 3

thumb-vol6-issue2

Government, Globalization and Governance Impacts on Business Start-ups: Evidence from a Classified Panel Data Analysis

Using an unbalanced panel data set covering 98 countries and the period 2004-2012, this paper aims to ascertain the extent to which the governmental, globalization and governance factors affect the formal business start-ups. We represent government by formal constraints to starting a new business while KOF indices that measure the economic, social and political dimensions […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 2

thumb-vol6-issue2

Differential Recessionary Impacts on U.S. Research Relative to Comprehensive University Efficiencies and Productivities: 2004-2014 Panel Data Estimates

Using data envelopment analysis and Malmquist index decompositions this paper focuses on the impacts of the Great Recession on the efficiency and productivity changes of U.S. publicly funded prestigious research universities in comparison to their lower level comprehensive university counterparts. Do elite research relative to comprehensive universities have more political clout and resources to better […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 2

thumb-vol6-issue2

A Review of Research Methods in Strategic Management; What Have Been Done, and What is Still Missing

Research methods designed to study strategic management, are as varied as the theories of strategy that have been developed over time. From the purely quantitative methods with mathematical models such as structural equations or multiple regression models, even the purely qualitative methods such as ethnography, or direct observation. However, despite the differences, all these methods […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 2

thumb-vol6-issue2

Analysis of Some Theoretical Aspects that Define Inclusion and Financial Education

In this essay, a reflection is made regarding the subject of financial education nowadays seen from a global to local perspective. Also, it identifies the variables that have been studied and that measure the level of financial education in different populations such as: teachers, students, administrative personnel and homes, among others, in different world contexts. […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 2

thumb-vol6-issue2

Model of Long-Term Savings with Several Interest Rates and Time

The aim of this paper is to present a model of long-term savings from financial calculations, using investment instruments that offer various banking institutions with the aim of showcasing the benefits of yields and thus achieve the planned purposes with money invested, and as an option to promote savings for students.

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 2

thumb-vol6-issue2

The Main Institutional and Cultural Variables which Are Considered in the Involvement of Internationalization of Multinational Firms

This paper is aimed to analyze some of the institutional and cultural implications on internationalization analysis of multinational firms. The analysis begins questioning what the main institutional and cultural variables are considered in the involvement of internationalization of multinational firms. To answer this question, firstly it is reviewed the literature on internationalization of multinational firms […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI / 2016, Volume VI, Issue no. 2

thumb-vol6-issue2

An Analysis of Resources, Capacities, and Institutions of the Aviation Industry in Mexico: Hydra Technologies Case

This paper aboard the analysis of the aviation industry, indicating that it has high prospects for growth, specifically analyses the global situation to mention key aspects of the case of Mexico, analyzing the case of Hydra Technologies where elements found in their success are resources and capabilities such as innovation, human resources; institutions that also […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI, Issue no. 2

thumb-vol6-issue1

The Role of Advertising in Motivating Consumer Brand Preference for Banking Services in Eco bank Nigeria Ltd

Concerned for the stiff competition in the banking industry, this study set out to determine the role of advertising in motivating consumers’ preference for the Eco bank brand, using the Hotel Presidential branch of the bank in Port Harcourt as a test case. The survey research used the availability sampling technique to draw a sample […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI / 2016, Volume VI, Issue no. 1

thumb-vol6-issue1

Value Accounting and Corporate Performance. A Study of Paint Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria

Quality management systems require companies to operate a formal design review process. This is to ensure that the quality of a product is best assured. The quality accreditation system is monitored and audited by external agencies. As such, companies that fail to comply with quality assurance procedures will not qualify for quality award and may […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI / 2016, Volume VI, Issue no. 1

thumb-vol6-issue1

Opinions Regarding the Political Interest and the Economic Reality from the Perspective of the New Fiscal Regulations

The configuration of the politic interest from the fiscal perspective, its impact upon the economic reality and the performance of the feedback by means of the tax payer, remains a field of perpetual controversies. This is the reason for which we considered as being very useful to present, according to our own vision, certain details […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI / 2016, Volume VI, Issue no. 1

thumb-vol6-issue1

Resumptions and Enhancement Concerning the Trading Discounts within the Context of the New Accounting and Fiscal Regulations in Romania

Within a competitive economy, the trading discounts constitute a frequent practice, whereby the asset and service providers instill loyalty to the current customers or propose themselves to draw new clients. While the economic and legal practice of entities use a diversity of trading discounts, both from the point of view of their name and the […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI / 2016, Volume VI, Issue no. 1

thumb-vol6-issue1

Knowledge, Complexity and Economic Growth: Multi-country Evidence by Development Stages

This paper analyzes the effects of knowledge spillovers and complexity proxies on the economic growth using the pooled mean group estimator and annual dataset of 86 countries for the period of 1995-2011. Differently, we cluster countries into five groups by development stages, according to the key drivers of their economies. To this end, along with […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI / 2016, Volume VI, Issue no. 1

thumb-vol6-issue1

The Impact of the Integrated Financial Risk Management on the Effectiveness of the Decisions of the Financial Leverage: An Empirical Study on the Insurance Companies in Kosovo

Among many decisions taken by business organizations, the most critical decision they take which affects the value of the company is that of the financial leverage. The designing of the decisions in a standard level of the financial leverage can be useful and at the same time harmful for the company. This study introduces a […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI / 2016, Volume VI, Issue no. 1

thumb-vol6-issue1

Perception of Work and Organization Commitment toward Employee Satisfaction on Non-Ministerial Government Agencies in Bandung Indonesia

Some research indicates the importance of comfort working in an organization, which is expected to provide job satisfaction and can improve work effectiveness. It is thus necessary role of organizational commitment in order to create a comfortable working environment so as to improve the behavior of employees in work efficiency. This study aims to determine […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume VI / 2016, Volume VI, Issue no. 1

thumb-vol5-issue6

Romanian External Debt Evolution -Pre and Post Accession to Eu

The present paper is studying the evolution of Romania’s foreign debt before and post accession in the European Union, namely the period 2000 – 2013, in the large context of the specific macroeconomic policy objectives of the times. According to our research results, the economic effect of external debt may be considered positive and for […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V, Issue no. 6

thumb-vol5-issue6

Insolvency in Romania – Solution for Avoiding Company Bankruptcy in the Context of Economic Crisis

The lack of a propitious economic environment made the number of companies in Romania that became insolvent to progressively grow from one year to another, even though average sales registered in the year of starting the procedure were larger than the ones in previous years. The performed study presents on one side the evolution of […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V, Issue no. 6

thumb-vol5-issue6

The Impact of the Economic Crisis upon Fiscal System from Romania and EU Member States

Fiscal policies must ensure the stability of taxes and duties and to propose an optimal level of taxation that does not stop economic activity and do not aggravate the financial situation of the population. Measures concerning taxation system should have the effect of training on tax payers and coordinate proper location and collection of taxes. […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V, Issue no. 6

thumb-vol5-issue6

Is Social Protection Expenditure or an Investment? A Cross-Country Comparison in the European Union

The relationship between social protection, growth and income inequality is an important issue in modern societies. However, there exists no consensus about these relationships because government activity could be carried out inefficiently, due to excessive burdens or even because it can reduce the productivity of the system. In this paper, the correlation between social expenditure, […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V, Issue no. 6

thumb-vol5-issue6

Globalization – Engine for Economic Growth

This paper tries to design the proper framework for highlighting the importance of globalization and the meaning of it being the engine for economic growth. Globalization and economic growth go hand in hand and are empowered by the Solow’s model influence, which is translated as sustainable economic development, which also could be accelerated by using […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V, Issue no. 6

thumb-vol5-issue6

Globalization, Economic Growth and Happiness: The Perspectives of an Economy Based on Non-Material Values

Why it is so important to maintain a continuous economic growth within a planet showing clear signs of its exhaustion is an important issue that is questioned more and more often in the last decade or so. The main motivation is to create the resources needed for people to live better and to be happy. […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Volume V, Issue no. 6

thumb-vol5-issue5

Sustainability Challenge: Social Networks as a Factor for Improvement of Organizations Today

The development of Information Technology is present in different areas of business. Very popular forms of it are social networks. Social Network Manager or Social Network entrepreneur represents a new type of employee that is needed in both; small and large companies all over the world. The demand for human resources that are capable of […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V / 2015, Volume V, Issue no. 5

thumb-vol5-issue5

The Factors that Affect the Economic Growth in Albania

The economic growth is the most important indicator in determining the welfare of a country, thus affecting the growth of income level. The economic growth is one of the indicators most used by economists, governments and international economic organizations and is also considered as synonymous with development. Economic growth is an indicator of the performance […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V / 2015, Volume V, Issue no. 5

thumb-vol5-issue5

Motivational Factors as Correlates of Electronic Information Resources Use Among Lecturers in Private Universities in South-West, Nigeria

This study investigated Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use and Perceived Enjoyment as correlates of EIRs use among lecturers in private universities in Nigeria. A correlation type of survey research design was adopted in this study. A single stage random sampling technique was used to select 2086 lecturers from the sampled (14) universities out of […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V / 2015, Volume V, Issue no. 5

thumb-vol5-issue5

A Case Study in Carry Trade and Cross Pair Allegiance Switching, Pre and Post 2008

EUR/USD, USD/JPY and the position of EUR/JPY was investigated in this paper using regression analysis with the overarching question where EUR/JPY sits in relation to both pairs and its position in terms of a carry trade. What was determined was EUR/JPY switches allegiance period to period. The carry trade premise is to borrow a low […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V / 2015, Volume V, Issue no. 5

thumb-vol5-issue5

Development of GIS Technologies and Methods in Education

The paper goal is to analyze GIS opportunities as constructive pillar for student performance. We introduce a web-gis platform which improves both student collaboration and individual strategy highlighting their skills and potentialities. The analyzed project claims to reduce the gap between theoretical assignments and real world issues. We try to introduce a new standard of […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V / 2015, Volume V, Issue no. 5

thumb-vol5-issue4

Web services Threat Modeling in a Collaborative System

In this paper is applied a threat modeling methodology on a collaborative system. Firstly it will present the current stage of collaborative system security, then it will be shown how to integrate web services into collaborative platforms. The Threat Modeling methodology is proposed by Microsoft and is a part of the Software Development Life Cycle […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Information Technology, Volume V, Issue no. 4

thumb-vol5-issue4

Is Youth Guarantee a Solution for Increasing Employment Among Young Romanians?

With an employment rate among young people (under 25 years) of 23,3% Romania has to find a solution for solving this problem in short terms , otherwise we can face a constant migration wave of young people who can’t find a job in our country. This article presents the current status on labor market in […]

The full abstract of this scientific paper

Posted in Economics, Information Technology, Knowledge Management, Volume V, Issue no. 4